clintisawesome

Profile Information

    Banned

  • User Comment:
  • "Banned by a moderator: Multi/meta/no reply"


  • Last visited: 28 Sep 18 UTC
  • Joined: 26 Feb 15 UTC


Ranking Info Help

    Points D:
  • Available: 0
  • In play: 0
  • Total: 0
  • Ghost Rating Overall:
  • Rating: 103
  • Peak: 137
  • Position: 14,744
  • Ghost Rating Full Press:
  • Rating: 112
  • Peak: 123
  • Position: 3,934
  • Ghost Rating Gunboat:
  • Rating: 98
  • Peak: 102
  • Position: 11,096
  • Ghost Rating Live:
  • Rating: 90
  • Peak: 100
  • Position: 17,349
  • Ghost Rating 1v1 Overall:
  • Rating: 131
  • Peak: 131
  • Position: 594
  • Ghost Rating FvA:
  • Rating: 116
  • Peak: 116
  • Position: 714
  • Ghost Rating GvI:
  • Rating: 116
  • Peak: 116
  • Position: 514


Game Stats
  • All Game stats:
  • Game messages: 826

  • Won: 7 ( 15% )
  • Drawn: 9 ( 19% )
  • Survived: 9 ( 19% )
  • Defeated: 19 ( 40% )
  • Resigned: 3 ( 6% )
  • Total (finished): 47

  • Civil disorder: 19
  • Civil disorders taken over: 2
  • Classic:
  • Won: 1 ( 6% )
  • Drawn: 6 ( 33% )
  • Survived: 2 ( 11% )
  • Defeated: 7 ( 39% )
  • Resigned: 2 ( 11% )
  • Total (finished): 18
  • Classic Press:
  • Won: 1 ( 7% )
  • Drawn: 6 ( 40% )
  • Survived: 1 ( 7% )
  • Defeated: 6 ( 40% )
  • Resigned: 1 ( 7% )
  • Total (finished): 15
  • Classic Gunboat:
  • Survived: 1 ( 33% )
  • Defeated: 1 ( 33% )
  • Resigned: 1 ( 33% )
  • Total (finished): 3
  • Classic Ranked:
  • Won: 1 ( 6% )
  • Drawn: 6 ( 33% )
  • Survived: 2 ( 11% )
  • Defeated: 7 ( 39% )
  • Resigned: 2 ( 11% )
  • Total (finished): 18
  • Variant stats:
  • Won: 6 ( 21% )
  • Drawn: 3 ( 10% )
  • Survived: 7 ( 24% )
  • Defeated: 12 ( 41% )
  • Resigned: 1 ( 3% )
  • Total (finished): 29


Reliability Rating: 100%

Reliability Explained:

What is Reliability?

Reliability is how consistently you avoid interrupting games. Any un-excused missed turns hurt your rating. If you have any un-excused missed turns in the last 4 weeks you will receive an 11% penalty to your RR for each of those delays. It is very important to everyone you are playing with to be reliable but we understand mistakes happen so this extra penalty will drop to 5% after 28 days. All of the un-excused missed turns that negatively impact your rating are highlighted in red below. Excused delays will only negatively impact your base score, seen below. Mod excused delays do not hurt your score in any way.

Live Game: If a game had phases 60 minutes long or less any excused missed turns will only impact your rating for 28 days total. The penalty is the same, 5% long term and 6% short term, except the long term penalty is for 28 days and the short term is for 7 days.
System Excused: If you had an "excused missed turn" left this will be yes and will not cause additional penalties against your rating.
Mod Excused: If a moderator excused the missed turn this field will be yes and will not cause additional penalties against your rating.
Same Period Excused: If you have multiple un-excused missed turns in a 24 hour period you are only penalized once with the exception of live games, if this field is yes it will not cause additional penalties against your rating.

What happens if my rating is low?

Many games are made with a minimum rating requirement so this may impact the quality of games you can enter. If you have more then 3 non-live un-excused missed turns in a year you will begin getting temporarily banned from making new games, joining existing games, or rejoining your own games.

  • 1-3 un-excused delays: warnings
  • 4 un-excused delays: 1-day temp ban
  • 5 un-excused delays: 3-day temp ban
  • 6 un-excused delays: 7-day temp ban
  • 7 un-excused delays: 14-day temp ban
  • 8 un-excused delays: 30-day temp ban
  • 9 or more un-excused delays: infinite, must contact mods for removal
  • Live game excused turns are penalized independently for temporary bans. 1-2 un-excused missed turns in live games will be a warning, and the 3rd, and any after that will result in a 24 hour temp ban. The 2 warnings reset every 28 days resulting in significantly more yearly warnings for live game players then the normal system.

    Factors Impacting RR:


    Base Percentage: 100%
    (100* (1 - Yearly Missed Turns/Yearly Turns))

    Added Penalties:

    Yearly Unexcused Missed Turns: 0 for a penalty of 0%
    Recent Unexcused Missed Turns: 0 for a penalty of 0%

    Total:

    Reliability Rating: 100%


    Ghost Rating Overall Trending

    clintisawesome's games

    Showing results 1 to 20 of 47 total results.

    1
    Sort By:
    Finished: 07 AM Tue 18 Sep 18 UTC
    Private qwertyuiop-5
    1 day /phase
    Pot: 10 D - Autumn, 1901, Finished
    Classic - Germany vs Italy, No messaging, Unranked
    1 excused missed turn
    Game won by clintisawesome (0 D X)
    Germany
    Won. 6 supply-centers, 6 units
    Italy
    Resigned. 4 supply-centers, 3 units
    Civil Disorders
    MichaelPackfan12 (100 D)Italy (Autumn, 1901) with 4 centres.
    Finished: 06 PM Sun 23 Sep 18 UTC
    Lollygaggers!
    1 day /phase
    Pot: 70 D - Spring, 1910, Finished
    Classic, Anonymous players, Draw-Size Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game drawn
    Germany
    Drawn. 11 supply-centers, 11 units
    Austria
    eaterofcake (115 D)
    Drawn. 11 supply-centers, 10 units
    Russia
    Carpysmind (1423 D)
    Drawn. 9 supply-centers, 9 units
    Italy
    JimmyYee (109 D)
    Drawn. 3 supply-centers, 3 units
    England
    legalalien93 (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 0 D
    France
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    Turkey
    jj337 (108 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    Civil Disorders
    Tabor (100 D)England (Spring, 1904) with 3 centres.
    RBoyd (100 D)Italy (Autumn, 1908) with 4 centres.
    Finished: 09 AM Mon 27 Aug 18 UTC
    Private obunga game
    1 day /phase
    Pot: 10 D - Autumn, 1905, Finished
    1 excused missed turn
    Game won by clintisawesome (0 D X)
    Italy
    Won. 15 supply-centers, 13 units
    Germany
    obunga (100 D)
    Resigned. 10 supply-centers, 9 units
    Civil Disorders
    obunga (100 D)Germany (Autumn, 1905) with 10 centres.
    Finished: 09 AM Fri 24 Aug 18 UTC
    Private obunga
    1 day /phase
    Pot: 10 D - Autumn, 1904, Finished
    1 excused missed turn
    Game won by clintisawesome (0 D X)
    Austria
    Won. 21 supply-centers, 12 units
    France
    obunga (100 D)
    Survived. 8 supply-centers, 6 units
    Finished: 05 PM Sat 25 Aug 18 UTC
    The Gnostic Bishop
    1 day /phase
    Pot: 35 D - Autumn, 1902, Finished
    Classic, Anonymous players, Draw-Size Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game drawn
    Russia
    JimBobV (172 D)
    Drawn. 6 supply-centers, 6 units
    France
    Carpysmind (1423 D)
    Drawn. 5 supply-centers, 5 units
    Germany
    Drawn. 5 supply-centers, 5 units
    Turkey
    caleb0007 (715 D)
    Drawn. 5 supply-centers, 5 units
    England
    HasAlaam (100 D)
    Drawn. 4 supply-centers, 4 units
    Italy
    Drawn. 4 supply-centers, 4 units
    Austria
    Twonkey (105 D)
    Drawn. 3 supply-centers, 1 units
    Civil Disorders
    james422 (100 D)Austria (Spring, 1902) with 3 centres.
    Finished: 12 PM Sat 22 Sep 18 UTC
    Warrisome America-3
    1 day /phase
    Pot: 300 D - Spring, 2009, Finished
    Fall of the American Empire IV, Anonymous players, Sum-of-Squares Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game drawn
    New-York
    DominatorLJ (329 D)
    Drawn. 18 supply-centers, 18 units
    British-Columbia
    Drawn. 17 supply-centers, 17 units
    Cuba
    noumenal (173 D)
    Drawn. 11 supply-centers, 11 units
    Texas
    rannjohnson (1361 D)
    Drawn. 8 supply-centers, 8 units
    Peru
    yellowfin (143 D)
    Drawn. 3 supply-centers, 3 units
    Florida
    JimmyYee (109 D)
    Drawn. 1 supply-centers, 1 units
    California
    Santone555 (0 D X)
    Defeated. Bet: 30 D
    Heartland
    jimifitt (95 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 30 D
    Mexico
    Defeated. Bet: 30 D
    Quebec
    Omphalos (1139 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 30 D
    Civil Disorders
    night_eagle128 (116 D)Florida (Autumn, 2005) with 4 centres.
    Finished: 06 PM Mon 08 Jan 18 UTC
    Survival of the Fittest-5
    1 day /phase
    Pot: 50 D - Autumn, 2014, Finished
    Fall of the American Empire IV, Anonymous players, Draw-Size Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game drawn
    British-Columbia
    GaryOak353 (204 D)
    Drawn. 21 supply-centers, 19 units
    Florida
    Delta-Z (712 D)
    Drawn. 16 supply-centers, 16 units
    New-York
    jaxondl (330 D)
    Drawn. 11 supply-centers, 11 units
    Peru
    Mannerbroheim (205 D)
    Drawn. 10 supply-centers, 10 units
    California
    sunsnap (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Heartland
    Lord Wolf (104 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Mexico
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Quebec
    BeauNanners (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 0 D
    Texas
    tomtom2357 (0 D X)
    Defeated. Bet: 0 D
    Cuba
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Civil Disorders
    garrettvz (100 D)Peru (Autumn, 2010) with 10 centres.
    Spicy_memes (105 D)Texas (Spring, 2001) with 6 centres.
    Nailyk (100 D)Quebec (Spring, 2000) with 4 centres.
    Kronos hopeslayer (100 D)Texas (Spring, 2004) with 5 centres.
    Finished: 02 AM Sun 30 Apr 17 UTC
    let's go-6
    1 day, 12 hours /phase
    Pot: 100 D - Autumn, 2013, Finished
    Fall of the American Empire IV, Anonymous players, Sum-of-Squares Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game won by BobValao (213 D)
    New-York
    BobValao (213 D)
    Won. 40 supply-centers, 29 units
    Peru
    Egathetos (188 D)
    Survived. 9 supply-centers, 10 units
    Florida
    pnicklas613 (100 D)
    Survived. 5 supply-centers, 11 units
    Mexico
    Skirmisher001 (100 D)
    Survived. 4 supply-centers, 3 units
    British-Columbia
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    California
    jcl04 (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 0 D
    Heartland
    Germanyman13 (293 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 0 D
    Quebec
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    Texas
    BENchpress (113 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    Cuba
    Private Bean (155 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 0 D
    Civil Disorders
    moresunward (100 D)California (Autumn, 1999) with 3 centres.
    Trump's Hair (100 D)Cuba (Spring, 2000) with 3 centres.
    Cilohoclan (100 D)California (Autumn, 2003) with 3 centres.
    Heitaum (478 D)Mexico (Autumn, 2003) with 3 centres.
    PoweredByGinger (100 D)Peru (Autumn, 2006) with 8 centres.
    gogopowerrangers (50 D X)Heartland (Autumn, 2005) with 5 centres.
    Jinshoozi (100 D)Mexico (Autumn, 2012) with 3 centres.
    BigDawg247 (100 D)California (Spring, 2004) with 3 centres.
    Finished: 05 PM Tue 21 Feb 17 UTC
    Joe Biden!
    1 day /phase
    Pot: 50 D - Spring, 2013, Finished
    Fall of the American Empire IV, Draw-Size Scoring, Hidden draw votes
    1 excused missed turn
    Game drawn
    Texas
    CAPT Brad (40 D X)
    Drawn. 32 supply-centers, 32 units
    California
    WolfpackCorey (1654 D)
    Drawn. 26 supply-centers, 24 units
    Quebec
    Defeated. Bet: 0 D
    Heartland
    ildarsupron (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 0 D
    Cuba
    Cilohoclan (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 0 D
    British-Columbia
    Praetorian72 (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Mexico
    godless commy (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Peru
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Florida
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    New-York
    sillabeast (0 D X)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Civil Disorders
    parkerwarker (100 D)Cuba (Spring, 2002) with 4 centres.
    Grand Admiral (100 D)Heartland (Spring, 2004) with 3 centres.
    Joe Biden (100 D)Quebec (Spring, 2004) with 10 centres.
    Finished: 09 AM Fri 17 Feb 17 UTC
    Mediterranean-47
    1 day /phase
    Pot: 25 D - Spring, 16, Finished
    The Ancient Mediterranean, Anonymous players, Draw-Size Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game drawn
    Carthage
    Berkut (114 D)
    Drawn. 15 supply-centers, 15 units
    Persia
    Drawn. 10 supply-centers, 10 units
    Greece
    sandyshu47 (512 D)
    Drawn. 9 supply-centers, 9 units
    Egypt
    Defeated. Bet: 0 D
    Rome
    TheoMayniak (1312 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Civil Disorders
    Jacksonisboss (30 D X)Egypt (Spring, 8) with 5 centres.
    Aljaraf (100 D)Greece (Autumn, 8) with 7 centres.
    Finished: 09 AM Sun 05 Jun 16 UTC
    Let's do this thing
    7 minutes /phase
    Pot: 35 D - Autumn, 1906, Finished
    Classic, Draw-Size Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game drawn
    Italy
    Vecna (890 D)
    Drawn. 12 supply-centers, 11 units
    Austria
    ComNetCom (161 D)
    Drawn. 12 supply-centers, 10 units
    England
    Drawn. 10 supply-centers, 8 units
    France
    yavuzovic (552 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 0 D
    Germany
    The Beev (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Russia
    The_Spanish (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Turkey
    Blaz_Adam (81 D X)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Civil Disorders
    The Beev (100 D)Germany (Autumn, 1904) with 4 centres.
    Allen666 (30 D X)France (Autumn, 1901) with 2 centres.
    Blaz_Adam (81 D X)Turkey (Spring, 1905) with 2 centres.
    Finished: 02 PM Sat 04 Jun 16 UTC
    med live-27
    7 minutes /phase
    Pot: 50 D - Autumn, 8, Finished
    The Ancient Mediterranean, Anonymous players, Sum-of-Squares Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game won by randy mietziii (294 D)
    Carthage
    Won. 19 supply-centers, 17 units
    Persia
    djakarta97 (358 D)
    Survived. 15 supply-centers, 16 units
    Rome
    jka1509 (100 D)
    Survived. 0 supply-centers, 1 units
    Egypt
    ARMPIT? (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    Greece
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    Finished: 01 PM Sat 04 Jun 16 UTC
    ...-5
    7 minutes /phase
    Pot: 70 D - Autumn, 1909, Finished
    Classic, No messaging, Draw-Size Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game won by zsspanther (230 D)
    Russia
    zsspanther (230 D)
    Won. 23 supply-centers, 17 units
    England
    tatertrotts (2713 D)
    Survived. 6 supply-centers, 5 units
    Italy
    Lifespan (109 D)
    Resigned. 3 supply-centers, 6 units
    Germany
    The_Spanish (100 D)
    Resigned. 2 supply-centers, 3 units
    France
    chlue (117 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    Turkey
    cpwillman (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    Austria
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    Civil Disorders
    Lifespan (109 D)Italy (Spring, 1909) with 6 centres.
    chlue (117 D)France (Spring, 1906) with 7 centres.
    The_Spanish (100 D)Germany (Autumn, 1908) with 4 centres.
    cpwillman (100 D)Turkey (Autumn, 1907) with 3 centres.
    Finished: 02 PM Fri 03 Jun 16 UTC
    Boredom is setting in
    7 minutes /phase
    Pot: 70 D - Spring, 1907, Finished
    Classic, Sum-of-Squares Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game drawn
    England
    chlue (117 D)
    Drawn. 13 supply-centers, 13 units
    Turkey
    ARMPIT? (100 D)
    Drawn. 9 supply-centers, 9 units
    Italy
    tatertrotts (2713 D)
    Drawn. 6 supply-centers, 6 units
    Russia
    TheoMayniak (1312 D)
    Drawn. 4 supply-centers, 4 units
    France
    Resigned. 1 supply-centers, 1 units
    Germany
    Resigned. 1 supply-centers, 1 units
    Austria
    The_Spanish (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    Civil Disorders
    clintisawesome (0 D X)Germany (Autumn, 1906) with 1 centres.
    The_Spanish (100 D)Austria (Spring, 1904) with 2 centres.
    iliveidieiliveagain (90 D)France (Autumn, 1905) with 2 centres.
    Finished: 03 PM Thu 02 Jun 16 UTC
    Blitzkreig-5
    5 minutes /phase
    Pot: 70 D - Spring, 1912, Finished
    Classic, Anonymous players, Sum-of-Squares Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game drawn
    Italy
    spacecadet (329 D)
    Drawn. 15 supply-centers, 15 units
    Austria
    Thaneofwhiterun (1516 D)
    Drawn. 11 supply-centers, 11 units
    Germany
    Drawn. 8 supply-centers, 8 units
    England
    Le Titium (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    France
    Defeated. Bet: 0 D
    Turkey
    jka1509 (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    Russia
    Blaz_Adam (81 D X)
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    Civil Disorders
    selene1998 (152 D)France (Autumn, 1909) with 1 centres.
    Finished: 01 PM Thu 02 Jun 16 UTC
    Fast game-120
    5 minutes /phase
    Pot: 25 D - Autumn, 5, Finished
    The Ancient Mediterranean, Anonymous players, Sum-of-Squares Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game won by jka1509 (100 D)
    Persia
    jka1509 (100 D)
    Won. 18 supply-centers, 14 units
    Carthage
    Survived. 16 supply-centers, 15 units
    Rome
    NickJoy (100 D)
    Resigned. 0 supply-centers, 3 units
    Egypt
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Greece
    RussianVoller (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Civil Disorders
    NickJoy (100 D)Rome (Autumn, 4) with 3 centres.
    RussianVoller (100 D)Greece (Autumn, 1) with 3 centres.
    Finished: 12 AM Thu 02 Jun 16 UTC
    Right Time
    7 minutes /phase
    Pot: 70 D - Autumn, 1909, Finished
    Classic, Draw-Size Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game won by Bamawhite (642 D)
    France
    Bamawhite (642 D)
    Won. 18 supply-centers, 16 units
    Germany
    jaydesai (103 D)
    Survived. 13 supply-centers, 10 units
    Austria
    danimal32 (100 D)
    Survived. 2 supply-centers, 4 units
    Russia
    Survived. 1 supply-centers, 1 units
    Italy
    edgarmorfin99 (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    Turkey
    ExtraExtra (0 D X)
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    England
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    Civil Disorders
    clintisawesome (0 D X)England (Autumn, 1901) with 3 centres.
    ExtraExtra (0 D X)Turkey (Autumn, 1901) with 3 centres.
    edgarmorfin99 (100 D)Italy (Autumn, 1901) with 3 centres.
    Finished: 12 PM Wed 01 Jun 16 UTC
    Backstabber united
    7 minutes /phase
    Pot: 70 D - Autumn, 1905, Finished
    Classic, Anonymous players, Draw-Size Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game drawn
    France
    Thaneofwhiterun (1516 D)
    Drawn. 8 supply-centers, 6 units
    Italy
    joeyboy35 (0 D X)
    Drawn. 8 supply-centers, 7 units
    England
    wushuwil (156 D)
    Drawn. 5 supply-centers, 5 units
    Russia
    Drawn. 5 supply-centers, 6 units
    Germany
    Drawn. 3 supply-centers, 4 units
    Austria
    The_Spanish (100 D)
    Drawn. 3 supply-centers, 3 units
    Turkey
    Blaz_Adam (81 D X)
    Drawn. 2 supply-centers, 2 units
    Civil Disorders
    spacecadet (329 D)England (Autumn, 1901) with 3 centres.
    Finished: 08 AM Mon 09 May 16 UTC
    Any WoW Players Here?
    1 day /phase
    Pot: 98 D - Autumn, 1910, Finished
    Classic, Anonymous players, Sum-of-Squares Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game drawn
    France
    Drawn. 12 supply-centers, 12 units
    Russia
    Lowell (0 D X)
    Drawn. 11 supply-centers, 11 units
    Italy
    grumbledook (569 D (S))
    Drawn. 6 supply-centers, 6 units
    Turkey
    tatertrotts (2713 D)
    Drawn. 5 supply-centers, 5 units
    England
    Huín (403 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 0 D
    Germany
    Defeated. Bet: 14 D
    Austria
    Berkut (114 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 14 D
    Civil Disorders
    TyPrado (100 D)England (Autumn, 1902) with 3 centres.
    ABDULSDABOSS (94 D X)England (Autumn, 1904) with 4 centres.
    Helen1345 (100 D)England (Spring, 1904) with 4 centres.
    Finished: 02 PM Wed 25 May 16 UTC
    Not Poland
    2 days /phase
    Pot: 50 D - Spring, 2005, Finished
    Modern Diplomacy II, Draw-Size Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game drawn
    France
    Rancher (1544 D (S))
    Drawn. 25 supply-centers, 25 units
    Egypt
    Omphalos (1139 D)
    Drawn. 23 supply-centers, 23 units
    Britain
    Ar Jack (1630 D)
    Drawn. 16 supply-centers, 16 units
    Russia
    wildwolf (1214 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Poland
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Ukraine
    Hermite2010 (197 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Italy
    Antiloquax (159 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Spain
    Bertson95 (119 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Germany
    ECWarriors (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 0 D
    Turkey
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Civil Disorders
    UnKnown Deus (100 D)Egypt (Spring, 1995) with 6 centres.
    Gaius_Maximus (20 D X)Germany (Spring, 1994) with 4 centres.
    Aziel (100 D)Germany (Autumn, 1995) with 3 centres.

    1