Shino

Profile Information

  • User Comment:
  • "WAR PEACE AND REVOLUTION!"


  • Last visited: 17 May 19 UTC
  • Joined: 18 Apr 08 UTC


Ranking Info Help

    Points D:
  • Available: 113
  • In play: 0
  • Total: 113
  • Ghost Rating Overall:
  • Rating: 103
  • Peak: 104
  • Position: 15,086
  • Ghost Rating Full Press:
  • Rating: 84
  • Peak: 100
  • Position: 26,897
  • Ghost Rating Live:
  • Rating: 92
  • Peak: 100
  • Position: 16,617
  • Ghost Rating Gunboat:
  • Rating: 98
  • Peak: 103
  • Position: 11,642


Game Stats
  • All Game stats:
  • Game messages: 1,687

  • Won: 5 ( 7% )
  • Drawn: 13 ( 19% )
  • Survived: 18 ( 26% )
  • Defeated: 31 ( 44% )
  • Resigned: 3 ( 4% )
  • Total (finished): 70

  • Civil disorder: 10
  • Civil disorders taken over: 3
  • Classic:
  • Won: 4 ( 7% )
  • Drawn: 8 ( 14% )
  • Survived: 15 ( 26% )
  • Defeated: 29 ( 50% )
  • Resigned: 2 ( 3% )
  • Total (finished): 58
  • Classic Press:
  • Won: 4 ( 9% )
  • Drawn: 1 ( 2% )
  • Survived: 15 ( 34% )
  • Defeated: 23 ( 52% )
  • Resigned: 1 ( 2% )
  • Total (finished): 44
  • Classic Gunboat:
  • Drawn: 7 ( 54% )
  • Defeated: 5 ( 38% )
  • Resigned: 1 ( 8% )
  • Total (finished): 13
  • Classic Ranked:
  • Won: 4 ( 7% )
  • Drawn: 8 ( 14% )
  • Survived: 15 ( 26% )
  • Defeated: 29 ( 50% )
  • Resigned: 2 ( 3% )
  • Total (finished): 58
  • Variant stats:
  • Won: 1 ( 8% )
  • Drawn: 5 ( 42% )
  • Survived: 3 ( 25% )
  • Defeated: 2 ( 17% )
  • Resigned: 1 ( 8% )
  • Total (finished): 12


Reliability Rating: 100%

Reliability Explained:

What is Reliability?

Reliability is how consistently you avoid interrupting games. Any un-excused missed turns hurt your rating. If you have any un-excused missed turns in the last 4 weeks you will receive an 11% penalty to your RR for each of those delays. It is very important to everyone you are playing with to be reliable but we understand mistakes happen so this extra penalty will drop to 5% after 28 days. All of the un-excused missed turns that negatively impact your rating are highlighted in red below. Excused delays will only negatively impact your base score, seen below. Mod excused delays do not hurt your score in any way.

Live Game: If a game had phases 60 minutes long or less any excused missed turns will only impact your rating for 28 days total. The penalty is the same, 5% long term and 6% short term, except the long term penalty is for 28 days and the short term is for 7 days.
System Excused: If you had an "excused missed turn" left this will be yes and will not cause additional penalties against your rating.
Mod Excused: If a moderator excused the missed turn this field will be yes and will not cause additional penalties against your rating.
Same Period Excused: If you have multiple un-excused missed turns in a 24 hour period you are only penalized once with the exception of live games, if this field is yes it will not cause additional penalties against your rating.

What happens if my rating is low?

Many games are made with a minimum rating requirement so this may impact the quality of games you can enter. If you have more then 3 non-live un-excused missed turns in a year you will begin getting temporarily banned from making new games, joining existing games, or rejoining your own games.

  • 1-3 un-excused delays: warnings
  • 4 un-excused delays: 1-day temp ban
  • 5 un-excused delays: 3-day temp ban
  • 6 un-excused delays: 7-day temp ban
  • 7 un-excused delays: 14-day temp ban
  • 8 un-excused delays: 30-day temp ban
  • 9 or more un-excused delays: infinite, must contact mods for removal
  • Live game excused turns are penalized independently for temporary bans. 1-2 un-excused missed turns in live games will be a warning, and the 3rd, and any after that will result in a 24 hour temp ban. The 2 warnings reset every 28 days resulting in significantly more yearly warnings for live game players then the normal system.

    Factors Impacting RR:


    Base Percentage: 100%
    (100* (1 - Yearly Missed Turns/Yearly Turns))

    Added Penalties:

    Yearly Unexcused Missed Turns: 0 for a penalty of 0%
    Recent Unexcused Missed Turns: 0 for a penalty of 0%

    Total:

    Reliability Rating: 100%


    Ghost Rating Overall Trending

    Shino's games

    Showing results 1 to 20 of 70 total results.

    1
    Sort By:
    Finished: 10 PM Sun 14 Apr 19 UTC
    gunboat live-77
    5 minutes /phase
    Pot: 140 D - Autumn, 1912, Finished
    Classic, No messaging, Anonymous players, Draw-Size Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game drawn
    Italy
    Shaka_Zulu (0 D X)
    Drawn. 17 supply-centers, 16 units
    France
    dipperjay (2070 D (G))
    Drawn. 10 supply-centers, 10 units
    England
    Drawn. 7 supply-centers, 7 units
    Germany
    tatertrotts (2713 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 20 D
    Austria
    Shino (113 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 20 D
    Turkey
    da_dragon (0 D X)
    Defeated. Bet: 20 D
    Russia
    Defeated. Bet: 0 D
    Civil Disorders
    Shino (113 D)Austria (Spring, 1903) with 2 centres.
    whaskell (90 D)Russia (Autumn, 1906) with 4 centres.
    Finished: 07 PM Fri 07 Mar 14 UTC
    Live-206
    5 minutes /phase
    Pot: 210 D - Autumn, 1912, Finished
    Classic, No messaging, Anonymous players, Draw-Size Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game won by eliwhitney (107 D (G))
    Italy
    eliwhitney (107 D (G))
    Won. 19 supply-centers, 15 units
    England
    jhoffer007 (100 D)
    Survived. 2 supply-centers, 2 units
    Russia
    Xelanon (0 D X)
    Survived. 0 supply-centers, 1 units
    Germany
    Tomicohen (100 D)
    Resigned. 13 supply-centers, 11 units
    France
    Shino (113 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 30 D
    Austria
    zsspanther (230 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 30 D
    Turkey
    Dharmaton (2398 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 30 D
    Civil Disorders
    Shino (113 D)France (Autumn, 1908) with 1 centres.
    Tomicohen (100 D)Germany (Spring, 1912) with 16 centres.
    Finished: 01 PM Mon 17 Mar 14 UTC
    Speed Game!
    12 hours /phase
    Pot: 35 D - Autumn, 1907, Finished
    Classic, Survivors-Win Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game won by Shino (113 D)
    Russia
    Shino (113 D)
    Won. 18 supply-centers, 16 units
    Turkey
    LordRomulus (100 D)
    Survived. 13 supply-centers, 12 units
    England
    morehead (100 D)
    Survived. 1 supply-centers, 1 units
    Germany
    Styje (266 D)
    Survived. 0 supply-centers, 1 units
    France
    EmilyC425 (111 D)
    Resigned. 2 supply-centers, 4 units
    Italy
    stephenstich (165 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Austria
    Jeronimoo (155 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Civil Disorders
    EmilyC425 (111 D)France (Autumn, 1907) with 2 centres.
    Finished: 09 AM Thu 10 Apr 14 UTC
    MURICA-6
    1 day /phase
    Pot: 181 D - Spring, 2007, Finished
    Fall of the American Empire IV, Anonymous players, Survivors-Win Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game drawn
    California
    Drawn. 16 supply-centers, 16 units
    Cuba
    rednas11 (100 D)
    Drawn. 12 supply-centers, 12 units
    Peru
    fwancophile (164 D)
    Drawn. 10 supply-centers, 10 units
    New-York
    Comet (231 D)
    Drawn. 9 supply-centers, 9 units
    Quebec
    Shino (113 D)
    Drawn. 9 supply-centers, 9 units
    Heartland
    jwolff52 (100 D)
    Drawn. 1 supply-centers, 1 units
    Texas
    Bilbo (539 D)
    Resigned. 1 supply-centers, 1 units
    British-Columbia
    thokk2 (103 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 15 D
    Florida
    karlos (698 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 15 D
    Mexico
    helms (100 D (B))
    Defeated. Bet: 15 D
    Civil Disorders
    Bilbo (539 D)Texas (Spring, 2006) with 3 centres.
    AtcoN (0 D X)Heartland (Spring, 2001) with 9 centres.
    Bliz (100 D)Heartland (Autumn, 2001) with 7 centres.
    Finished: 11 AM Thu 06 Mar 14 UTC
    Yallah!
    5 minutes /phase
    Pot: 210 D - Spring, 1904, Finished
    Classic, No messaging, Anonymous players, Draw-Size Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game drawn
    England
    Partysane (10754 D (B))
    Drawn. 6 supply-centers, 6 units
    Italy
    Shino (113 D)
    Drawn. 6 supply-centers, 6 units
    France
    barter84 (100 D)
    Drawn. 5 supply-centers, 5 units
    Germany
    Hunebed (211 D X)
    Drawn. 5 supply-centers, 5 units
    Austria
    ThaHunters (1342 D)
    Drawn. 5 supply-centers, 5 units
    Russia
    amguenoun (100 D)
    Drawn. 4 supply-centers, 4 units
    Turkey
    whaskell (90 D)
    Drawn. 3 supply-centers, 3 units
    Finished: 06 PM Mon 03 Mar 14 UTC
    Quick Game For New Players
    5 minutes /phase
    Pot: 149 D - Autumn, 1913, Finished
    Classic, Anonymous players, Draw-Size Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game won by yaks (218 D)
    France
    yaks (218 D)
    Won. 18 supply-centers, 17 units
    Russia
    Shino (113 D)
    Survived. 9 supply-centers, 9 units
    Austria
    zzqq (100 D)
    Survived. 7 supply-centers, 7 units
    England
    Defeated. Bet: 20 D
    Italy
    Bobua (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 20 D
    Germany
    Koreankid1999 (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 20 D
    Turkey
    jabarif123 (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 9 D
    Civil Disorders
    ukulelemike (0 D X)England (Autumn, 1907) with 1 centres.
    Bobua (100 D)Italy (Autumn, 1901) with 3 centres.
    dyedinthewool (121 D)Turkey (Autumn, 1901) with 3 centres.
    Finished: 08 AM Sat 12 Apr 14 UTC
    Silent but Deadly-10
    18 hours /phase
    Pot: 500 D - Autumn, 2014, Finished
    Modern Diplomacy II, No messaging, Anonymous players, Survivors-Win Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game won by whaskell (90 D)
    Spain
    whaskell (90 D)
    Won. 33 supply-centers, 30 units
    France
    Bill Curley (1243 D)
    Survived. 23 supply-centers, 22 units
    Russia
    Blue Baboon (755 D)
    Survived. 8 supply-centers, 11 units
    Britain
    Defeated. Bet: 50 D
    Egypt
    Shino (113 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 50 D
    Germany
    Nikola Maric Eto (24945 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 50 D
    Italy
    dagabs0 (24529 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 50 D
    Poland
    cyan suicide (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 50 D
    Turkey
    pixie0901 (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 50 D
    Ukraine
    czechveck (620 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 50 D
    Civil Disorders
    cyan suicide (100 D)Poland (Autumn, 1998) with 5 centres.
    pixie0901 (100 D)Turkey (Autumn, 1996) with 3 centres.
    Finished: 06 AM Tue 15 Apr 14 UTC
    diplomacy-121
    1 day /phase
    Pot: 68 D - Spring, 2010, Finished
    Fall of the American Empire IV, Anonymous players, Draw-Size Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game drawn
    Heartland
    kapuczino (107 D)
    Drawn. 14 supply-centers, 14 units
    Peru
    Drawn. 13 supply-centers, 13 units
    British-Columbia
    Shino (113 D)
    Drawn. 12 supply-centers, 12 units
    Florida
    dyedinthewool (121 D)
    Drawn. 12 supply-centers, 12 units
    Cuba
    HectorofTroy (266 D)
    Drawn. 7 supply-centers, 7 units
    California
    deltanu148 (176 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Mexico
    gordonpup (1400 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    New-York
    fridaay (0 D X)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Quebec
    Rylanzor (1900 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Texas
    katelay (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 2 D
    Civil Disorders
    LordOfTheFez (100 D)Texas (Autumn, 1999) with 3 centres.
    lfecosta (100 D)British-Columbia (Autumn, 1999) with 4 centres.
    99joyce (0 D X)Texas (Autumn, 2001) with 2 centres.
    Finished: 11 AM Sat 12 Apr 14 UTC
    war of 1812-2
    1 day /phase
    Pot: 62 D - Autumn, 2005, Finished
    Modern Diplomacy II, Survivors-Win Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game won by forlornhope76 (280 D)
    Russia
    forlornhope76 (280 D)
    Won. 35 supply-centers, 32 units
    Turkey
    Shino (113 D)
    Survived. 16 supply-centers, 18 units
    Spain
    DiplomatDan (192 D)
    Survived. 12 supply-centers, 10 units
    Ukraine
    deltanu148 (176 D)
    Survived. 1 supply-centers, 1 units
    Egypt
    mikarkas (131 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Italy
    Dixie3 (108 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    France
    andre72 (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Britain
    Phzppr (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Germany
    aldowning (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Poland
    yorko (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Civil Disorders
    quarryman (4301 D)Turkey (Spring, 1995) with 6 centres.
    yorko (100 D)Poland (Autumn, 2000) with 2 centres.
    Dixie3 (108 D)Italy (Spring, 1997) with 2 centres.
    Finished: 07 PM Wed 19 Feb 14 UTC
    run-1
    5 minutes /phase
    Pot: 70 D - Spring, 1913, Finished
    Classic, Anonymous players, Survivors-Win Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game drawn
    Austria
    Shino (113 D)
    Drawn. 14 supply-centers, 14 units
    Italy
    Rhinos (1763 D)
    Drawn. 11 supply-centers, 11 units
    Germany
    ahjwyb (212 D)
    Drawn. 9 supply-centers, 7 units
    England
    loftus99 (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    France
    arsa (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    Turkey
    ohadh123 (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    Russia
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    Civil Disorders
    ohadh123 (100 D)Turkey (Spring, 1904) with 4 centres.
    Finished: 04 PM Sun 16 Feb 14 UTC
    Sat Afternoon live3
    5 minutes /phase
    Pot: 70 D - Autumn, 1909, Finished
    Classic, No messaging, Anonymous players, Draw-Size Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game won by czechveck (620 D)
    Austria
    czechveck (620 D)
    Won. 20 supply-centers, 16 units
    France
    Tibarius (2774 D)
    Survived. 9 supply-centers, 9 units
    England
    JMeister790 (100 D)
    Survived. 3 supply-centers, 5 units
    Turkey
    Bohonk (2060 D)
    Survived. 2 supply-centers, 3 units
    Germany
    eliwhitney (107 D (G))
    Survived. 0 supply-centers, 1 units
    Italy
    Shino (113 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    Russia
    Jas (0 D X)
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    Civil Disorders
    Shino (113 D)Italy (Autumn, 1906) with 1 centres.
    Jas (0 D X)Russia (Autumn, 1903) with 2 centres.
    Finished: 04 PM Mon 10 Feb 14 UTC
    Sunday 8pm CET GB-2
    5 minutes /phase
    Pot: 707 D - Spring, 1915, Finished
    Classic, No messaging, Anonymous players, Draw-Size Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game drawn
    Germany
    Shino (113 D)
    Drawn. 10 supply-centers, 10 units
    Austria
    rokakoma (19138 D)
    Drawn. 7 supply-centers, 7 units
    England
    Chaqa (4231 D (B))
    Drawn. 6 supply-centers, 6 units
    Italy
    Bohonk (2060 D)
    Drawn. 4 supply-centers, 4 units
    Russia
    NigeeBaby (100 D (G))
    Drawn. 4 supply-centers, 4 units
    Turkey
    Hrothgar (100 D)
    Drawn. 3 supply-centers, 3 units
    France
    Partysane (10754 D (B))
    Defeated. Bet: 101 D
    Finished: 07 PM Fri 07 Feb 14 UTC
    WTA GB-64
    5 minutes /phase
    Pot: 270 D - Autumn, 1910, Finished
    Classic, No messaging, Anonymous players, Draw-Size Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game drawn
    England
    whaskell (90 D)
    Drawn. 14 supply-centers, 14 units
    Austria
    Dharmaton (2398 D)
    Drawn. 8 supply-centers, 7 units
    Turkey
    2ndWhiteLine (3375 D (B))
    Drawn. 8 supply-centers, 7 units
    France
    Shino (113 D)
    Drawn. 4 supply-centers, 5 units
    Italy
    Defeated. Bet: 35 D
    Germany
    Chaqa (4231 D (B))
    Defeated. Bet: 25 D
    Russia
    MichiganMan (5161 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 35 D
    Civil Disorders
    yurithebeast (336 D)Germany (Autumn, 1901) with 3 centres.
    Finished: 08 PM Sat 01 Feb 14 UTC
    quikie
    5 minutes /phase
    Pot: 50 D - Autumn, 7, Finished
    The Ancient Mediterranean, Public messaging only, Anonymous players, Survivors-Win Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game drawn
    Rome
    Rhinos (1763 D)
    Drawn. 12 supply-centers, 11 units
    Egypt
    Shino (113 D)
    Drawn. 11 supply-centers, 11 units
    Persia
    Drawn. 11 supply-centers, 11 units
    Carthage
    MGHammer (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    Greece
    diasmon2 (119 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    Civil Disorders
    diasmon2 (119 D)Greece (Spring, 6) with 2 centres.
    MGHammer (100 D)Carthage (Spring, 5) with 2 centres.
    Finished: 06 PM Thu 30 Jan 14 UTC
    High Bet GB-WTA 2901
    5 minutes /phase
    Pot: 707 D - Autumn, 1913, Finished
    Classic, No messaging, Anonymous players, Draw-Size Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game won by NigeeBaby (100 D (G))
    Italy
    NigeeBaby (100 D (G))
    Won. 18 supply-centers, 17 units
    Germany
    Chaqa (4231 D (B))
    Survived. 6 supply-centers, 6 units
    Russia
    Tibarius (2774 D)
    Survived. 5 supply-centers, 5 units
    England
    Strauss (2590 D)
    Survived. 4 supply-centers, 4 units
    Turkey
    Shino (113 D)
    Resigned. 1 supply-centers, 1 units
    France
    Bohonk (2060 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 101 D
    Austria
    Defeated. Bet: 101 D
    Civil Disorders
    Shino (113 D)Turkey (Spring, 1912) with 3 centres.
    Kangaroo kid (0 D X)Austria (Autumn, 1909) with 0 centres.
    Finished: 09 PM Fri 02 Mar 12 UTC
    quickie-26
    5 minutes /phase
    Pot: 50 D - Autumn, 8, Finished
    The Ancient Mediterranean, Anonymous players, Survivors-Win Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game won by Arya8 (100 D)
    Persia
    Arya8 (100 D)
    Won. 18 supply-centers, 16 units
    Rome
    piping_piper (363 D)
    Survived. 14 supply-centers, 12 units
    Carthage
    Shino (113 D)
    Survived. 1 supply-centers, 5 units
    Greece
    Rancher (1544 D (S))
    Survived. 1 supply-centers, 1 units
    Egypt
    fuzzyhartle1 (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    Finished: 04 PM Fri 24 Feb 12 UTC
    ancient GREAT
    5 minutes /phase
    Pot: 60 D - Spring, 6, Finished
    The Ancient Mediterranean, Survivors-Win Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game drawn
    Carthage
    Drawn. 12 supply-centers, 12 units
    Egypt
    Scanung (206 D)
    Drawn. 9 supply-centers, 9 units
    Persia
    BoboTheBear (100 D)
    Resigned. 9 supply-centers, 8 units
    Greece
    Shino (113 D)
    Resigned. 4 supply-centers, 4 units
    Rome
    Defeated. Bet: 12 D
    Finished: 06 PM Wed 22 Feb 12 UTC
    SSCG - FWTAGB 2
    5 minutes /phase
    Pot: 140 D - Autumn, 1909, Finished
    Classic, No messaging, Anonymous players, Draw-Size Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game won by The Czech (42188 D (S))
    Italy
    The Czech (42188 D (S))
    Won. 22 supply-centers, 16 units
    Russia
    rannjohnson (1361 D)
    Survived. 7 supply-centers, 7 units
    England
    yassem (2533 D)
    Survived. 0 supply-centers, 2 units
    France
    MichiganMan (5161 D)
    Resigned. 5 supply-centers, 7 units
    Germany
    dbk9889 (10 D X)
    Defeated. Bet: 20 D
    Austria
    whaskell (90 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 20 D
    Turkey
    Shino (113 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 20 D
    Finished: 03 PM Wed 22 Feb 12 UTC
    SomeSeriousCasualGame - Fast WTAGB
    5 minutes /phase
    Pot: 140 D - Autumn, 1901, Finished
    Classic, No messaging, Anonymous players, Draw-Size Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game drawn
    France
    Shino (113 D)
    Drawn. 5 supply-centers, 3 units
    Austria
    yassem (2533 D)
    Drawn. 5 supply-centers, 3 units
    Turkey
    S.E. Peterson (100 D)
    Drawn. 5 supply-centers, 3 units
    England
    Sendler (418 D)
    Drawn. 4 supply-centers, 3 units
    Italy
    reads2much3 (225 D)
    Drawn. 4 supply-centers, 3 units
    Germany
    whaskell (90 D)
    Drawn. 4 supply-centers, 3 units
    Russia
    MichiganMan (5161 D)
    Resigned. 3 supply-centers, 3 units
    Finished: 03 PM Wed 22 Feb 12 UTC
    WTA-GB-76
    5 minutes /phase
    Pot: 245 D - Autumn, 1902, Finished
    Classic, No messaging, Anonymous players, Draw-Size Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game drawn
    Russia
    Sendler (418 D)
    Drawn. 7 supply-centers, 7 units
    France
    hugu37 (100 D)
    Drawn. 5 supply-centers, 5 units
    England
    yassem (2533 D)
    Drawn. 4 supply-centers, 4 units
    Italy
    MichiganMan (5161 D)
    Drawn. 4 supply-centers, 4 units
    Germany
    Mannerbroheim (205 D)
    Drawn. 4 supply-centers, 4 units
    Austria
    Shino (113 D)
    Drawn. 4 supply-centers, 4 units
    Turkey
    S.E. Peterson (100 D)
    Drawn. 3 supply-centers, 3 units

    1