apem8

Profile Information

  • Last visited: 24 Dec 14 UTC
  • Joined: 17 Apr 10 UTC


Ranking Info Help

    Points D:
  • Available: 1,295
  • In play: 0
  • Total: 1,295
  • Ghost Rating Overall:
  • Rating: 185
  • Peak: 234
  • Position: 982
  • Ghost Rating Live:
  • Rating: 161
  • Peak: 194
  • Position: 271
  • Ghost Rating Gunboat:
  • Rating: 118
  • Peak: 120
  • Position: 478
  • Ghost Rating Full Press:
  • Rating: 129
  • Peak: 129
  • Position: 2,280


Game Stats
  • All Game stats:
  • Game messages: 2,320

  • Won: 15 ( 15% )
  • Drawn: 22 ( 22% )
  • Survived: 23 ( 23% )
  • Defeated: 34 ( 33% )
  • Resigned: 8 ( 8% )
  • Total (finished): 102

  • Civil disorder: 23
  • Civil disorders taken over: 13
  • Classic:
  • Won: 11 ( 15% )
  • Drawn: 13 ( 18% )
  • Survived: 18 ( 25% )
  • Defeated: 23 ( 32% )
  • Resigned: 8 ( 11% )
  • Total (finished): 73
  • Classic Press:
  • Won: 7 ( 15% )
  • Drawn: 8 ( 17% )
  • Survived: 10 ( 22% )
  • Defeated: 16 ( 35% )
  • Resigned: 5 ( 11% )
  • Total (finished): 46
  • Classic Gunboat:
  • Won: 3 ( 15% )
  • Drawn: 1 ( 5% )
  • Survived: 7 ( 35% )
  • Defeated: 7 ( 35% )
  • Resigned: 2 ( 10% )
  • Total (finished): 20
  • Classic Ranked:
  • Won: 11 ( 15% )
  • Drawn: 13 ( 18% )
  • Survived: 18 ( 25% )
  • Defeated: 23 ( 32% )
  • Resigned: 8 ( 11% )
  • Total (finished): 73
  • Variant stats:
  • Won: 4 ( 14% )
  • Drawn: 9 ( 31% )
  • Survived: 5 ( 17% )
  • Defeated: 11 ( 38% )
  • Total (finished): 29


Reliability Rating: 100%

Reliability Explained:

What is Reliability?

Reliability is how consistently you avoid interrupting games. Any un-excused missed turns hurt your rating. If you have any un-excused missed turns in the last 4 weeks you will receive an 11% penalty to your RR for each of those delays. It is very important to everyone you are playing with to be reliable but we understand mistakes happen so this extra penalty will drop to 5% after 28 days. All of the un-excused missed turns that negatively impact your rating are highlighted in red below. Excused delays will only negatively impact your base score, seen below. Mod excused delays do not hurt your score in any way.

Live Game: If a game had phases 60 minutes long or less any excused missed turns will only impact your rating for 28 days total. The penalty is the same, 5% long term and 6% short term, except the long term penalty is for 28 days and the short term is for 7 days.
System Excused: If you had an "excused missed turn" left this will be yes and will not cause additional penalties against your rating.
Mod Excused: If a moderator excused the missed turn this field will be yes and will not cause additional penalties against your rating.
Same Period Excused: If you have multiple un-excused missed turns in a 24 hour period you are only penalized once with the exception of live games, if this field is yes it will not cause additional penalties against your rating.

What happens if my rating is low?

Many games are made with a minimum rating requirement so this may impact the quality of games you can enter. If you have more then 3 non-live un-excused missed turns in a year you will begin getting temporarily banned from making new games, joining existing games, or rejoining your own games.

  • 1-3 un-excused delays: warnings
  • 4 un-excused delays: 1-day temp ban
  • 5 un-excused delays: 3-day temp ban
  • 6 un-excused delays: 7-day temp ban
  • 7 un-excused delays: 14-day temp ban
  • 8 un-excused delays: 30-day temp ban
  • 9 or more un-excused delays: infinite, must contact mods for removal
  • Live game excused turns are penalized independently for temporary bans. 1-2 un-excused missed turns in live games will be a warning, and the 3rd, and any after that will result in a 24 hour temp ban. The 2 warnings reset every 28 days resulting in significantly more yearly warnings for live game players then the normal system.

    Factors Impacting RR:


    Base Percentage: 100%
    (100* (1 - Yearly Missed Turns/Yearly Turns))

    Added Penalties:

    Yearly Unexcused Missed Turns: 0 for a penalty of 0%
    Recent Unexcused Missed Turns: 0 for a penalty of 0%

    Total:

    Reliability Rating: 100%


    Ghost Rating Overall Trending

    apem8's games

    Showing results 1 to 20 of 102 total results.

    1
    ...
    Sort By:
    Finished: 04 PM Tue 23 Dec 14 UTC
    Fast chillin solo
    5 minutes /phase
    Pot: 210 D - Autumn, 1903, Finished
    Classic, No messaging, Anonymous players, Draw-Size Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game drawn
    Germany
    Drawn. 9 supply-centers, 7 units
    Austria
    Ben K (383 D)
    Drawn. 6 supply-centers, 6 units
    Russia
    Blue Baboon (755 D)
    Drawn. 6 supply-centers, 6 units
    England
    eliwhitney (107 D (G))
    Drawn. 4 supply-centers, 4 units
    Italy
    michaelf77 (455 D)
    Drawn. 4 supply-centers, 4 units
    Turkey
    Yigg (2446 D)
    Drawn. 3 supply-centers, 3 units
    France
    apem8 (1295 D)
    Resigned. 1 supply-centers, 1 units
    Civil Disorders
    apem8 (1295 D)France (Autumn, 1901) with 3 centres.
    Finished: 07 PM Sun 15 Apr 12 UTC
    Better than a Gunboat
    5 minutes /phase
    Pot: 70 D - Autumn, 1908, Finished
    Classic, Anonymous players, Draw-Size Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game won by Texastough (25 D X)
    Italy
    Texastough (25 D X)
    Won. 18 supply-centers, 13 units
    England
    apem8 (1295 D)
    Survived. 7 supply-centers, 4 units
    Germany
    curtis (8870 D)
    Resigned. 5 supply-centers, 9 units
    Russia
    TheFlyingBoat (1282 D)
    Resigned. 4 supply-centers, 8 units
    France
    datapolitical (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    Austria
    Spa13rkY (192 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    Turkey
    mgm1111 (728 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    Finished: 09 AM Thu 10 May 12 UTC
    Southern Cross
    1 day /phase
    Pot: 35 D - Spring, 1912, Finished
    Classic, Survivors-Win Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game drawn
    Germany
    thewalrus (150 D)
    Drawn. 17 supply-centers, 17 units
    Turkey
    Sanardo (131 D)
    Drawn. 17 supply-centers, 17 units
    Italy
    apem8 (1295 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    France
    Wernazuma (589 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Austria
    jandr (137 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    England
    venja (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Russia
    liorak20 (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Civil Disorders
    liorak20 (100 D)Russia (Autumn, 1904) with 1 centres.
    apem8 (1295 D)Italy (Spring, 1904) with 4 centres.
    Finished: 10 AM Mon 24 Oct 11 UTC
    THA LIBERTINE-6
    5 minutes /phase
    Pot: 140 D - Spring, 1905, Finished
    Classic, Survivors-Win Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game drawn
    France
    Libe (425 D)
    Drawn. 6 supply-centers, 6 units
    Italy
    Drawn. 6 supply-centers, 6 units
    Russia
    Drawn. 6 supply-centers, 6 units
    Turkey
    EvW (100 D)
    Drawn. 6 supply-centers, 6 units
    England
    Spell of Wheels (4896 D)
    Drawn. 5 supply-centers, 5 units
    Germany
    Drawn. 5 supply-centers, 5 units
    Austria
    apem8 (1295 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 20 D
    Finished: 09 AM Sat 03 Dec 11 UTC
    Chaos on the Battle Field
    18 hours /phase
    Pot: 85 D - Autumn, 2015, Finished
    World Diplomacy IX, Anonymous players, Survivors-Win Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game won by jackalb (646 D)
    Libya
    jackalb (646 D)
    Won. 47 supply-centers, 40 units
    Brazil
    LakersFan (899 D)
    Survived. 26 supply-centers, 27 units
    Argentina
    Cr7390 (100 D)
    Survived. 13 supply-centers, 13 units
    Oz
    Doge (652 D)
    Survived. 0 supply-centers, 2 units
    China
    blackjack (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Europe
    IvanTKlasnic (114 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Frozen-Antarctica
    granikus (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Ghana
    EndlessNights (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    India
    that1guy13 (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Kenya
    Check_mate (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Near-East
    apem8 (1295 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Pacific-Russia
    PinguNinja (125 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Quebec
    MoggyMorgan (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Russia
    Homelywaffle (592 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    South-Africa
    Spartan22 (344 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    USA
    ZigZagZach (0 D X)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Western-Canada
    Remnet (143 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Finished: 04 PM Mon 14 Nov 11 UTC
    Join Only if You've Never Won
    1 day /phase
    Pot: 36 D - Autumn, 1910, Finished
    Classic, Survivors-Win Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game won by MagicLantern (102 D)
    Austria
    MagicLantern (102 D)
    Won. 22 supply-centers, 17 units
    England
    Hgrpsmait (261 D)
    Survived. 6 supply-centers, 5 units
    France
    Check_mate (100 D)
    Survived. 6 supply-centers, 8 units
    Turkey
    Nell (100 D)
    Survived. 0 supply-centers, 1 units
    Germany
    apem8 (1295 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Italy
    Nelhybel (280 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 1 D
    Russia
    Philodept (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 5 D
    Finished: 10 PM Mon 31 Oct 11 UTC
    Europa War
    1 day /phase
    Pot: 131 D - Autumn, 1910, Finished
    Classic, Anonymous players, Survivors-Win Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game won by apem8 (1295 D)
    Turkey
    apem8 (1295 D)
    Won. 19 supply-centers, 16 units
    England
    achillies27 (100 D)
    Survived. 8 supply-centers, 8 units
    Italy
    Pseudoben (100 D)
    Survived. 3 supply-centers, 3 units
    Germany
    The Viking (0 D X)
    Survived. 2 supply-centers, 3 units
    Austria
    slut (157 D)
    Survived. 2 supply-centers, 4 units
    France
    Clown (0 D X)
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    Russia
    001 (0 D X)
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    Finished: 06 PM Wed 29 Jun 11 UTC
    Laxin
    5 minutes /phase
    Pot: 77 D - Spring, 1911, Finished
    Classic, Survivors-Win Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game drawn
    England
    Riphen (198 D)
    Drawn. 10 supply-centers, 10 units
    France
    President Eden (2688 D)
    Drawn. 9 supply-centers, 9 units
    Turkey
    MichiganMan (5161 D)
    Drawn. 8 supply-centers, 8 units
    Russia
    Scmoo472 (1846 D)
    Drawn. 7 supply-centers, 7 units
    Austria
    apem8 (1295 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    Germany
    DirkSneath (167 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    Italy
    killer135 (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    Civil Disorders
    PatDragon (103 D)England (Spring, 1903) with 3 centres.
    DirkSneath (167 D)Germany (Autumn, 1907) with 1 centres.
    Finished: 02 PM Tue 21 Jun 11 UTC
    classic live game-3
    5 minutes /phase
    Pot: 161 D - Spring, 1911, Finished
    Classic, Survivors-Win Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game drawn
    France
    swordsman3003 (14031 D (G))
    Drawn. 13 supply-centers, 13 units
    Austria
    apem8 (1295 D)
    Drawn. 12 supply-centers, 11 units
    England
    Drawn. 9 supply-centers, 9 units
    Germany
    deutschland (105 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 23 D
    Italy
    zuki1988 (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 23 D
    Turkey
    reinking2 (0 D X)
    Defeated. Bet: 23 D
    Russia
    Defeated. Bet: 23 D
    Civil Disorders
    deutschland (105 D)Germany (Autumn, 1903) with 4 centres.
    reinking2 (0 D X)Turkey (Spring, 1910) with 2 centres.
    Finished: 09 AM Tue 14 Jun 11 UTC
    WarNow
    5 minutes /phase
    Pot: 140 D - Autumn, 1911, Finished
    Classic, Anonymous players, Survivors-Win Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game won by d3stroy3r (622 D)
    Italy
    d3stroy3r (622 D)
    Won. 18 supply-centers, 15 units
    Turkey
    apem8 (1295 D)
    Survived. 14 supply-centers, 13 units
    Germany
    Mr Smith (402 D)
    Survived. 2 supply-centers, 2 units
    England
    strawhats10 (250 D)
    Resigned. 0 supply-centers, 1 units
    France
    sportoner (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 20 D
    Austria
    discordia (870 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 20 D
    Russia
    Libe (425 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 20 D
    Civil Disorders
    strawhats10 (250 D)England (Autumn, 1907) with 8 centres.
    discordia (870 D)Austria (Autumn, 1903) with 1 centres.
    sportoner (100 D)France (Spring, 1903) with 5 centres.
    Libe (425 D)Russia (Autumn, 1907) with 5 centres.
    Finished: 08 AM Mon 13 Jun 11 UTC
    Anonymous Diplomacy-2
    5 minutes /phase
    Pot: 158 D - Autumn, 1908, Finished
    Classic, Anonymous players, Survivors-Win Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game won by Libe (425 D)
    Germany
    Libe (425 D)
    Won. 20 supply-centers, 15 units
    Russia
    gabzy23 (100 D)
    Survived. 4 supply-centers, 3 units
    Italy
    strawhats10 (250 D)
    Survived. 3 supply-centers, 5 units
    Austria
    apem8 (1295 D)
    Resigned. 5 supply-centers, 4 units
    England
    jackhopper5 (117 D)
    Resigned. 2 supply-centers, 2 units
    France
    blackrain001 (138 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 20 D
    Turkey
    shamrocks14 (115 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 20 D
    Civil Disorders
    kostas71 (9561 D)Russia (Autumn, 1903) with 3 centres.
    apem8 (1295 D)Austria (Autumn, 1908) with 5 centres.
    shamrocks14 (115 D)Turkey (Autumn, 1903) with 3 centres.
    blackrain001 (138 D)France (Autumn, 1901) with 3 centres.
    jackhopper5 (117 D)England (Spring, 1903) with 3 centres.
    Finished: 01 PM Wed 22 Jun 11 UTC
    Blimp
    12 hours /phase
    Pot: 350 D - Autumn, 1910, Finished
    Classic, Anonymous players, Survivors-Win Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game drawn
    Italy
    boondude (100 D)
    Drawn. 10 supply-centers, 10 units
    Turkey
    apem8 (1295 D)
    Drawn. 10 supply-centers, 10 units
    Austria
    d3stroy3r (622 D)
    Drawn. 9 supply-centers, 9 units
    England
    President Eden (2688 D)
    Drawn. 5 supply-centers, 4 units
    France
    Petruchio (168 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 50 D
    Germany
    Defeated. Bet: 50 D
    Russia
    Jean d'Arc (236 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 50 D
    Civil Disorders
    Joy Division (0 D X)Germany (Autumn, 1906) with 0 centres.
    Finished: 07 AM Sat 28 May 11 UTC
    We dont need stupid guys to play this game.
    5 minutes /phase
    Pot: 350 D - Autumn, 1902, Finished
    Classic, Survivors-Win Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game drawn
    Germany
    Drawn. 7 supply-centers, 6 units
    Austria
    mace (168 D)
    Drawn. 6 supply-centers, 5 units
    Russia
    peter25 (0 D X)
    Drawn. 6 supply-centers, 6 units
    England
    apem8 (1295 D)
    Drawn. 5 supply-centers, 4 units
    Turkey
    ggoat (931 D)
    Drawn. 5 supply-centers, 4 units
    Italy
    Haryu (106 D)
    Resigned. 2 supply-centers, 2 units
    France
    XAQ (100 D)
    Resigned. 2 supply-centers, 2 units
    Civil Disorders
    Haryu (106 D)Italy (Autumn, 1902) with 2 centres.
    XAQ (100 D)France (Autumn, 1901) with 3 centres.
    Finished: 10 AM Thu 26 May 11 UTC
    Pab
    5 minutes /phase
    Pot: 200 D - Spring, 4, Finished
    The Ancient Mediterranean, No messaging, Survivors-Win Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game drawn
    Carthage
    apem8 (1295 D)
    Drawn. 9 supply-centers, 9 units
    Rome
    Chase Aero (103 D)
    Drawn. 9 supply-centers, 9 units
    Egypt
    Zerostar11 (165 D)
    Resigned. 6 supply-centers, 5 units
    Greece
    The Dream (765 D)
    Resigned. 5 supply-centers, 4 units
    Persia
    KGIELOW (100 D)
    Resigned. 4 supply-centers, 4 units
    Civil Disorders
    The Dream (765 D)Greece (Autumn, 2) with 6 centres.
    Zerostar11 (165 D)Egypt (Autumn, 3) with 6 centres.
    KGIELOW (100 D)Persia (Autumn, 2) with 5 centres.
    Finished: 12 PM Wed 25 May 11 UTC
    Plop
    5 minutes /phase
    Pot: 150 D - Autumn, 10, Finished
    The Ancient Mediterranean, No messaging, Survivors-Win Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game won by thedayofdays (95 D)
    Egypt
    thedayofdays (95 D)
    Won. 18 supply-centers, 15 units
    Greece
    apem8 (1295 D)
    Survived. 14 supply-centers, 13 units
    Carthage
    JakeBob (100 D)
    Resigned. 2 supply-centers, 3 units
    Persia
    Chase Aero (103 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 30 D
    Rome
    pqkfggg (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 30 D
    Civil Disorders
    Chase Aero (103 D)Persia (Autumn, 4) with 2 centres.
    JakeBob (100 D)Carthage (Autumn, 8) with 8 centres.
    Finished: 04 PM Fri 20 May 11 UTC
    La lopz
    5 minutes /phase
    Pot: 150 D - Autumn, 5, Finished
    The Ancient Mediterranean, No messaging, Anonymous players, Survivors-Win Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game won by apem8 (1295 D)
    Rome
    apem8 (1295 D)
    Won. 19 supply-centers, 15 units
    Persia
    Guyana (168 D)
    Survived. 11 supply-centers, 9 units
    Egypt
    blackmongoose (131 D)
    Survived. 4 supply-centers, 5 units
    Greece
    jnorton924 (100 D)
    Survived. 0 supply-centers, 2 units
    Carthage
    Defeated. Bet: 30 D
    Civil Disorders
    yusuf em mi? (0 D X)Carthage (Spring, 4) with 3 centres.
    Finished: 03 PM Tue 17 May 11 UTC
    Alpha
    5 minutes /phase
    Pot: 70 D - Autumn, 1910, Finished
    Classic, Survivors-Win Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game won by Hohenzollern (100 D)
    Russia
    Hohenzollern (100 D)
    Won. 19 supply-centers, 17 units
    France
    apem8 (1295 D)
    Survived. 13 supply-centers, 14 units
    Turkey
    jnorton924 (100 D)
    Survived. 2 supply-centers, 1 units
    Germany
    Zerostar11 (165 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    England
    Wuk (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    Austria
    beijingguy (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    Italy
    bobfrog32 (0 D X)
    Defeated. Bet: 10 D
    Civil Disorders
    Zerostar11 (165 D)Germany (Autumn, 1903) with 4 centres.
    beijingguy (100 D)Austria (Spring, 1907) with 5 centres.
    Wuk (100 D)England (Spring, 1907) with 3 centres.
    Finished: 04 AM Wed 08 Jun 11 UTC
    No All Nighter For You!
    1 day /phase
    Pot: 700 D - Autumn, 1906, Finished
    Classic, Anonymous players, Survivors-Win Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game drawn
    Austria
    d3stroy3r (622 D)
    Drawn. 13 supply-centers, 11 units
    Italy
    Drawn. 11 supply-centers, 9 units
    Russia
    apem8 (1295 D)
    Drawn. 10 supply-centers, 9 units
    England
    DILK (1539 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 100 D
    France
    mace (168 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 100 D
    Germany
    Gunfighter06 (224 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 100 D
    Turkey
    BESM (18622 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 100 D
    Civil Disorders
    DILK (1539 D)England (Autumn, 1905) with 1 centres.
    Finished: 12 PM Sun 29 May 11 UTC
    europe 12h
    12 hours /phase
    Pot: 140 D - Autumn, 1909, Finished
    Classic, Anonymous players, Survivors-Win Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game won by apem8 (1295 D)
    Russia
    apem8 (1295 D)
    Won. 18 supply-centers, 14 units
    England
    d3stroy3r (622 D)
    Survived. 11 supply-centers, 11 units
    Turkey
    mcpacco (259 D)
    Survived. 3 supply-centers, 5 units
    France
    HDHubertus (160 D)
    Survived. 1 supply-centers, 1 units
    Italy
    Olive Branch (634 D)
    Survived. 1 supply-centers, 1 units
    Germany
    BGnau (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 20 D
    Austria
    jnorton924 (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 20 D
    Civil Disorders
    jnorton924 (100 D)Austria (Autumn, 1903) with 0 centres.
    BGnau (100 D)Germany (Autumn, 1904) with 0 centres.
    Finished: 04 PM Thu 12 May 11 UTC
    Rap
    5 minutes /phase
    Pot: 210 D - Spring, 1913, Finished
    Classic, No messaging, Survivors-Win Scoring
    1 excused missed turn
    Game drawn
    Russia
    jeansie (1057 D)
    Drawn. 14 supply-centers, 14 units
    France
    Drawn. 13 supply-centers, 13 units
    England
    Raid (133 D)
    Drawn. 7 supply-centers, 7 units
    Turkey
    apem8 (1295 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 30 D
    Italy
    jss5166 (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 30 D
    Germany
    Churchill06 (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 30 D
    Austria
    OwnedDamnit (100 D)
    Defeated. Bet: 30 D
    Civil Disorders
    jss5166 (100 D)Italy (Autumn, 1904) with 3 centres.
    apem8 (1295 D)Turkey (Spring, 1909) with 3 centres.
    Churchill06 (100 D)Germany (Autumn, 1902) with 3 centres.
    OwnedDamnit (100 D)Austria (Spring, 1906) with 1 centres.

    1
    ...